РЕОРГАНИЗАЦИЯ ГЕНОМА РАСТЕНИЙ В ХОДЕ АЛЛОПОЛИПЛОИДИЗАЦИИ

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Аннотация

Рассмотрены молекулярно-генетические механизмы реорганизации генома растений в процессе аллополиплоидизации. Подчеркнута особая роль ранних генетических изменений, изучение которых проводилось с использованием уникальной модели синтетических аллополиплоидов. Обобщены данные о различных геномных изменениях на ранних стадиях аллополиплоидизации, включающих активацию мобильных элементов, хромосомные перестройки, эпигенетические и транскриптомные изменения и др. Отмечено важное значение этих изменений в формировании устойчивой организации аллополиплоидного генома, обеспечивающей эволюционный успех и распространенность аллополиплоидов среди высших растений.


Об авторе

А. Б. Щербань
Федеральное государственное бюджетное научное учреждение «Федеральный исследовательский центр Институт цитологии и генетики Сибирского отделения Российской академии наук», Новосибирск, Россия
Россия


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