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Вавиловский журнал генетики и селекции

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Селекция субтропических и цветочных культур в ФИЦ «Субтропический научный центр РАН»

https://doi.org/10.18699/VJ21.047

Полный текст:

Аннотация

Представлены результаты селекционной работы ФИЦ «Субтропический научный центр Российской академии наук» (ФИЦ СНЦ РАН). Селекционерами ФИЦ СНЦ РАН проводится большая работа, направленная на выведение новых урожайных, высококачественных, устойчивых к биотическим и абиотическим факторам сортов субтропических и цветочных культур: хурмы восточной, фейхоа, мандарина, фрезии, анемоны корончатой, пеларгонии и хризантемы. Выделены источники хозяйственно ценных признаков цветочных культур, которые представляют интерес для селекции на улучшение декоративных (окраска, форма цветка, соцветия) и хозяйственно-биологических признаков (период цветения, большое количество цветков в соцветии, период стояния в срезе, устойчивость к болезням, высокий коэффициент размножения). Цель исследований – совершенствование сортимента субтропических и цветочных культур. Объектами исследований служили 989 гибридных форм, из них цитрусовых – 136, хурмы – 56, фейхоа – 36, чая – 38, груши – 11, лещины – 24, фрезии – 108, анемоны корончатой – 398, пеларгонии – 120, хризантемы – 62. Результатом работы стало выведение сортов с комплексом ценных признаков. За последние пять лет в ФИЦ СНЦ РАН создано и передано в Госсорткомиссию РФ 50 новых сортов, в том числе 26 – пеларгонии, 15 – анемоны, 5 – фрезии, 2 – хризантемы, 1 – хурмы и 1 – яблони. В «Государственный реестр селекционных достижений…» включено 63 сорта селекции ФИЦ СНЦ РАН, в том числе 26 сортов пеларгонии, 13 – анемоны, 9 – хризантемы, 7 – фрезии, 4 – фундука, 3 – фейхоа, 1 – чайного растения. Получено 46 патентов на селекционные  достижения.

Об авторах

А. В. Рындин
Федеральный исследовательский центр «Субтропический научный центр Российской академии наук»
Россия

Сочи



Р. В. Кулян
Федеральный исследовательский центр «Субтропический научный центр Российской академии наук»
Россия

Сочи



Н. А. Слепченко
Федеральный исследовательский центр «Субтропический научный центр Российской академии наук»
Россия

Сочи



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